January 25, 2006 - Issues his first encyclical, focusing on the subjects of love, eros, charity, and politics.
March 24, 2006 - Holds his first consistory and formally elevates 15 men to the level of cardinal. The next day, a ceremony is held in Saint Peter's Square in which the pope presents each of the new cardinals with a golden ring to symbolize their fidelity to the church.
May 25, 2006 - Travels to Poland to pay homage to the late Pope John Paul II. He visits John Paul's birth home in Wadowice, and travels to Krakow, the city where John Paul II lived before he assumed the papacy in 1978. Benedict XVI also visits the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
September 12-20, 2006 - Gives a speech in Bavaria, Germany that includes quotes from 14th-century Byzantine emperor Manuel II Paleologus, regarding Islam and the Prophet Mohammed. The speech sparks protests by Muslims around the world and causes the recall of the Moroccan envoy to the Vatican. The pope apologizes for the offense to the Muslim world.
November 28, 2006 - Arrives in Turkey for his first visit as pope.
May 9, 2007 - Arrives in Brazil for a six day visit, his first as pope.
June 9, 2007 - Meets with U.S. President George W. Bush at the Vatican, the first meeting between the two. Their discussions include Iraq, Muslim relations, and AIDS.
September 7-9, 2007 - The pope travels to Austria for the 850th anniversary of the Mariazell shrine.
October 28, 2007 - The pope beatifies 498 victims of the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s. It is the largest mass beatification in history.
November 24, 2007 - Elevates 23 senior clergy to the position of cardinal.
April 15-20, 2008 - Visits the U.S. for the first time as pope.
April 17, 2008 - Holds Mass at Nationals Park in Washington, D.C. with an estimated 46,000 in attendance. Later in the day, meets with Bernie McDaid, Olan Horne, and Faith Johnston, three victims of sexual abuse by clergymen.
April 18, 2008 - Delivers a speech to the United Nations General Assembly.
April 19, 2008 - Celebrates Mass at St. Patrick's Cathedral.
April 20, 2008 - Prays at ground zero in lower Manhattan, before leading a Mass at Yankee Stadium in front of 60,000 people.
October 12, 2008 - Canonizes four new saints, including the first female saint from India.
February 12, 2009 - Makes a statement denouncing anti-Semitism a month after a scandal involving a bishop who denied the death toll of Jews killed in concentration camps during World War II.
March 17-23, 2009 - Makes his first trip to Africa as pope, traveling to Cameroon and Angola, and reaffirms the Catholic Church's ban on condom use.
April 26, 2009 - Names five new saints: Rev. Arcangelo Tadini, Nuno Alvares Pereira, Bernardo Tolomei, Gertrude Comensoli and Caterina Volpicelli.
May 8-15, 2009 - Makes his first trip to the Middle East - making stops in Jordan and Israel to meet with Israeli and Palestinian leaders.
July 17, 2009 - Has surgery after breaking his wrist in a fall while on vacation.
August 3, 2009 - The pope signs record deal with Geffen Records to record his songs and prayers to the Virgin Mary.
November 23, 2009 - The pope's new album, "Alma Mater," is released.
June 11, 2010 - During a Mass at Saint Peter's Basilica, the pope asks forgiveness for sexual abuse within the church and promises to do more to stop future incidents.
July 15, 2010 - The Vatican announces the toughening of its laws on priests involved in sexual abuse.