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1892 -- New York's Ellis Island opens as a way to provide improved facilities for the massive number of immigrant arrivals. The first immigrant to pass through Ellis was a "rosy-cheeked Irish girl," Annie Moore, age 15, from County Cork. She came with her two younger brothers to join their parents in New York City.
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1952 -- The Immigration & Nationality Act, passed over President Harry Truman's veto, limits total annual immigration to one-sixth of one percent of the population of the continental United States in 1920. The act exempts spouses and children of U.S. citizens and people born in the Western Hemisphere from the quota.