Qatar by the Numbers

CIA World Factbook
State Department

Qatar is home to the world's third-largest proven natural gas reserves and exports more liquefied natural gas than any other country.

Gas Reserves: 25.2 trillion cubit meters (2012 estimate)
Oil Reserves: 25.4 billion barrels (2011)

Qatar boasts the highest income per capita in the world.

GDP per capita (PPP):
$102,100 (2013 estimate)

Note: data in 2013 U.S. dollars

For comparison, the CIA World Factbook ranks the United States number 14th in the world with a 2013 estimate of GDP per capita at $52,800.

Unemployment rate: 1.3 percent

Total Population: 2,123,160 (July 2014 estimate)

Note: While the total population may exceed 2 million people it is believed just 15 percent are citizens.

Sex Ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 2.75 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 4.8 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 3.37 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.5 male(s)/female
Total Population: 3.29 male(s)/female (2014 estimate)

Note: Qataris have become a minority in their own country, outnumbered by ex-patriots 7-1. The male population between the ages of 25 and 54 significantly outnumber the female population. According to a 2012 population status report by the country's Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics Permanent Population Committee, "The number of economically active population doubled three times during seven years (from 444.133 in 2004 to 1.277,445 in 2011)(8). This unprecedented growth resulted primarily from the recruitment of large numbers of foreign workers needed for the country's ambitious development plans. It led to a huge imbalance of labour force structure. Despite the slight improvement in Qataris proportion out of total labour force, non-Qataris reached 93.9 percent out of the total population in 2011."

Ethic Groups:
40% Arab
18% Indian
18% Pakistani
10% Iranian
14% Other

77.5% Muslim
8.5% Christian
14% Other (to include Hindu)

Median Age:

Life expectancy at birth:
Male: 76.4 years
Female: 80.4 years

Birth Rate:
9.95 births/1,000 population (2014 est)

Maternal mortality rate:
7 deaths/1,000 population

Infant mortality rate:
6.42 deaths/1,000 live births

Health Expenditures:
1.9% of GDP (2011)

Education Expenditures:
2.5% of GDP (2008)

Literacy: (defined as someone over 15 can read and write)
Male: 96.5%
Female: 95.4%

Qatar is an absolute monarchy.

Total number of ruling families in Qatar's history: 1

December 18, 1878: Al Thani family take the throne. They remain Qatar's ruling family.

Six major American universities have branch campuses in Qatar, to include Weill Cornell Medical College, Virginia Commonwealth University School of the Arts, Texas A&M University, Carnegie Mellon University add Georgetown University School of Foreign Service.