FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. – A former Broward Sheriff’s Office deputy is about to be tried on charges he failed to confront the gunman who murdered 14 students and three staff members at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland five years ago.
Jury selection begins Wednesday in the trial of former Deputy Scot Peterson, who remained outside the three-story 1200 building during Nikolas Cruz’s six-minute attack on Feb. 14, 2018. Opening statements are scheduled for early June, and the trial could last two months.
Peterson, 60, is charged with seven counts of felony child neglect for four students killed and three wounded on the 1200 building’s third floor. Peterson arrived at the building with his gun drawn 73 seconds before Cruz reached that floor, but instead of entering, he backed away as gunfire sounded. He has said he didn’t know where the shots were coming from.
Peterson is also charged with three counts of misdemeanor culpable negligence for the adults shot on the third floor, including a teacher and an adult student who died. He also faces a perjury charge for allegedly lying to investigators. He could get nearly a century in prison if convicted on the child neglect counts and lose his $104,000 annual pension.
“So the maximum exposure you have here is 95 years in Florida state prison and x amount of days in jail -- do you understand?” the judge asked Peterson.
“Yes,” he responded.
Those killed on the third floor include Meadow Pollack, Cara Loughran, Peter Wang, Jaime Guttenberg, Scott Beigel and Joaquin Oliver.
Those injured on the third floor include Marian Kabachenko, Stacy Lippel, Kyle Laman and Anthony Borges.
Prosecutors did not charge Peterson in connection with the 11 killed and 13 wounded on the first floor before he arrived at the building. No one was shot on the second floor.
At Tuesday morning’s pre-trial hearing, the judge listened to another round of arguments from both sides on the pending issue of a possible jury view. The defense wants them to view only the outside of the 1200 building that has been preserved as a crime scene.
Peterson’s attorney, Mark Eiglarsh, said he knows that going through the building is traumatizing.
“I in no way want to be complicit in somehow allowing those jurors to go into that building when the prejudicial effect is extraordinary,” he said.
The state argued that jurors should also go inside the building to view the third floor.
“Why are you taking them out there if only taking them to see half the crime scene?” one assistant state attorney asked. “All of the charges in this case emanate from what happened on the third floor.”
The judge said he plans to issue a written order on the matter by June 5.
According to the National Association of School Resource Officers, which represents campus police, Peterson is the first U.S. law enforcement officer tried for allegedly failing to act during a school shooting. Texas authorities are investigating the officers who didn’t confront the Uvalde gunman who killed 19 elementary students and two teachers last year, but none have been charged.
Peterson “is just a coward,” parent Andrew Pollack told The Associated Press, calling him an obscenity. His 18-year-old daughter Meadow was the adult student murdered on the third floor.
“He wouldn’t have gone in with full body armor and a bazooka,” Pollack said. Other victims’ relatives have made similar statements.
Peterson has insisted he would have confronted Cruz but thought the shots came from a sniper, perhaps firing from nearby trees. A deputy for 32 years, he had been at Stoneman Douglas for nine years after 19 years at other schools. He said after a hearing last week that he is “eager” for the trial to start.
“I want the truth to come out, and if it is going to be through a trial, so be it,” Peterson said. “Not only the people in Florida, the country, most importantly the families, they need to know the truth about what happened, because unfortunately it has never been told.”
Peterson retired shortly after the shooting and then was fired retroactively.
Robert Jarvis, a Nova Southeastern University law professor, said there is no question Peterson deserved firing but prosecuting him “seems like such an overreach.”
“Peterson is an easy punching bag, but many, many people failed on February 14,” he said. “Peterson ... is being made into a scapegoat.”
To gain a conviction, prosecutors must convince jurors that Peterson knew Cruz was firing inside the building and that his actions and inaction exposed the victims to harm.
Security videos show that 36 seconds after the attack began, Peterson exited his office about 100 yards (92 meters) from the 1200 building and jumped into a cart with two unarmed civilian security guards, according to a state report. They arrived at the building a minute later.
Peterson got out of the cart near the east doorway to the first-floor hallway. Cruz was at the hallway’s opposite end, firing his AR-15-style semiautomatic rifle.
Peterson, who wasn’t wearing a bullet-resistant vest, didn’t open the door. Instead, he took cover 75-feet (23 meters) away in the alcove of a neighboring building, his gun still drawn.
The shooting “was so loud and so close. I thought it was probably outside,” Peterson told investigators two days after the massacre.
He said he heard “two, three” shots. The security guards told investigators they heard many more shots than three and it was clear they came from the building. Eiglarsh said he will call 22 witnesses who will testify they also thought the shots were coming from outside the 1200 building.
Inside, Cruz climbed to the building’s upper floors, firing approximately 70 more shots over nearly four minutes.
Outside, Peterson radioed arriving deputies to stay clear of the building. He said he didn’t notice when bullets smashed into a second-floor window about 70 feet (20 meters) from where he stood.
Peterson didn’t leave his spot for 48 minutes. That was 45 minutes after the shooting ended and 40 minutes after off-campus officers stormed inside, finding carnage on the first and third floors. Cruz had fled.
For Peterson to be convicted of child neglect, prosecutors must first show he was legally a caregiver to the juvenile students. Florida law defines a caregiver as “a parent, adult household member or other person responsible for a child’s welfare.”
Eiglarsh has argued there is an exemption for most police officers that covers his client. Circuit Judge Martin Fein ruled that is for the jury to decide, noting that Florida courts have found babysitters, landlords and even kidnappers to be caregivers.
If jurors find Peterson was a caregiver, they then must determine whether he made a “reasonable effort” to protect the children or failed to provide the care necessary to maintain their health.
Eiglarsh has argued that Cruz had a superior firearm and Peterson would have risked death by pursuing him. The state report says Peterson had completed three active shooter courses over the years that teach tactics for such situations.
“I predict that at least one juror will decide that while Peterson was the wrong man in the wrong place at the wrong time, holding him criminally accountable is simply ... too much,” Jarvis said. That would result in a hung jury.
Miami criminal defense attorney David S. Weinstein, a former prosecutor, believes Peterson will likely testify — something most defendants avoid. Jurors will want to know why Peterson thought his actions were “reasonable or prudent,” he said.
Cruz’s jury couldn’t unanimously agree he deserved the death penalty. The 24-year-old former Stoneman Douglas student was then sentenced to life in prison.
Peterson’s trial will start the day after a jury is selected and is expected to run through mid-August with 60 to 80 witnesses taking the stand in all.
The case requires a six-member jury with up to four alternates.