As coronavirus spreads, Medicare gets telemedicine option

President Donald Trump holds up an $8.3 billion bill to fight the coronavirus outbreak in the U.S., Friday, March 6, 2020 at the White House in Washington after signing, as Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar, looks on. The legislation provides federal public health agencies with money for vaccines, tests and potential treatments and helps state and local governments prepare and respond to the threat. The rapid spread of the virus has rocked financial markets, interrupted travel and threatens to affect everyday life in the United States. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci) (Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved)

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The coronavirus legislation signed by President Donald Trump on Friday would let Medicare expand the use of telemedicine in outbreak areas, potentially reducing infection risks for vulnerable seniors.

Coverage of telemedicine is now limited primarily to residents of rural areas facing long road trips for treatment from specialists. The bill would allow the government to waive those restrictions to help deal with the public health emergency created by the coronavirus outbreak.

It also could open the way for more lasting changes in Medicare's coverage of virtual health care, including Skyping with the doctor or using devices that beam over measurements such as heart rate.

“Telehealth is really instrumental in containing and treating disease, particularly in a public health emergency,” said Megan O'Reilly, a lobbyist with AARP, the advocacy group for older people, which pushed for the telemedicine provisions. “For older Americans, this can help keep them safe."

Scientists tracking the global respiratory disease outbreak have documented that coronavirus takes a higher toll on older people, on patients with multiple chronic conditions, and on those with compromised immune systems. Death rates are higher among older patients, while younger people are more likely to get a milder form of the illness.

To be clear, seniors who suspect they may have COVID-19 — the illness caused by the coronavirus — will still have to get tested physically, whether at a clinic or their doctor's office.

Telemedicine cannot take the place of a swab of the throat to collect a sample for scientific testing. But it can help doctors make special arrangements to safely receive a patient who is sick and suspects the virus may be involved.

Perhaps even more important, telemedicine would offer a way for Medicare recipients in outbreak areas to take care of ongoing medical issues without having to go to the doctor's office and risk coming into contact with someone who is sick. Many seniors have several doctors' appointments every month.